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Global Energy and Climate Outlook

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The "Global Energy and Climate Outlook" is an annual publication of the JRC, produced in collaboration with DG CLIMA.

Based on quantified assessment by the JRC's internal energy-economics teams, GECO provides a global picture of energy markets as they transform over the next decades, under the simultaneous interactions of economic development, technological innovation and climate policies.

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Global Energy and Climate Outlook 2022

Energy trade in a low carbon world. Report and visualisation.

At a glance: GECO 2022 facts and figures

3° C
Temperature increase
Our Reference scenario projection is better than last year's GECO edition, but further actions are needed to limit climate change
7%
Share of H2 and synthethic fuels in global energy trade
Hydrogen and synthethic fuels experience a strong increase as of today but remain at a small share of energy global trade
More electricity
Energy embodied in traded goods
Increased share of electricity, from renewable sources in particular, is embodied in traded goods and services

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