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The "Global Energy and Climate Outlook" is an annual publication of the JRC, produced in collaboration with DG CLIMA.

Based on quantified assessment by the JRC's internal energy-economics teams, GECO provides a global picture of energy markets as they transform over the next decades, under the simultaneous interactions of economic development, technological innovation and climate policies.

GECO brings together decades-long expertise in the fields of energy production, energy trade, technological development and energy system transformation, GHG emissions mitigation strategies, economic development and data analysis.

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Publication: GHG and energy balances (Supplementary material to: GECO 2021)

JRC Policy Brief: Analysis of scenarios integrating the INDCs

Communication by the European Commission: "The Paris Protocol - a blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020"

Leaflet: Science for Climate Action

To find out more about the JRC's work on similar topics, explore the related JRC portfolios: