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Analysis of heavy metals in toys


Publication date
29 January 2013


Analysis of heavy metals in toys

IMEP-24 Heavy metals in toys

IMEP-24 was an interlaboratory comparison for the determination of the eight heavy metals whose safety limits are set out by the EU Toy Safety Directive (88/378/EEC) and specified in the harmonised European Standard EN71-3:1994. The concerned elements were lead, arsenic, antimony, barium, selenium, mercury, chromium and cadmium. The sample matrix was a mild steel plate coated with alkyd resin paint. The laboratories were asked to apply the sample preparation method described in EN71-3:1994, but otherwise to follow their routine procedure.

Characteristic for this study was its high metrological standard. This may be of particular interest to those who were involved in analysis of trace elements in toys. The measurement results were evaluated against traceable reference values where possible, and uncertainty statements when provided by participants were included in the evaluation. Participating in IMEP-24 also helped laboratories to benchmark their performance with peers throughout Europe.

Read more

Baer, I., van de Kreeke, J., Linsinger, T.P.J., Robouch, P., Cordeiro Raposo, F., de la Calle, B.: "IMEP-24 analysis of eight trace elements in toys", Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol 30, No. 2 (2011): pages 313-323

Reporting of results: deadline 30/06/2009
Reporting to participants: first half of October 2009
Sample dispatch: June 2009
Year: 2009-01-01 00:00:00