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General publications2 October 2023Joint Research Centre

Above to well-above average yield outlook for Türkiye

The October edition of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Global outlook for Türkiye – describes a positive outlook for crops in Türkiye.

Corn field
A wet May and June followed by hot and dry weather conditions in summer 2023 created good conditions leading to positive outlooks for summer crops.
(c) Bits and Splits -

The hot and dry weather conditions in July and August did not negatively impact crops, because the wetter-than-usual conditions in May and June had resulted in favourable soil moisture levels in the rainfed areas of central and western Anatolia, where most of the winter crops are produced.

The earlier wet conditions had also increased water reserves for irrigation in southern and south-eastern regions, thus creating positive conditions for summer crops during grain filling.


  • Frequent rainfall combined with lack of heat stress sustained favourable growth in Western and central Anatolian regions.
  • In these regions, wetter-than-usual conditions, combined with near-seasonal temperatures, favoured grain filling in June.
  • The harvest of winter crops was completed by the end of July under favourable dry conditions.
  • Summer crops benefited from warm temperatures and constant water availability in south-eastern regions.
  • The increased water reserves available for irrigation in August created positive conditions for summer crops during grain filling and ripening.
  • Maize and soybean crops progressed well throughout the growing season.

Observed canopy conditions

fAPAR anomalies - TR
fAPAR anomaly map: Region I: Kocaeli, Zonguldag, Kastamonu, Samsun, Trabzon, Tekirdag, Istambul. Reg. II: Konya, Ankara, Bursa, Manisa, Aydin, Izmir, Balikesir, Kirikkale, Kayseri. Reg. III: Gaziantep, Sanliurfa, Mardin. Reg. IV: Antalya, Adana, Hatay

The fAPAR anomaly map shows the differences between the fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation cumulated from 1 June to 10 September 2023, and the medium-term average (MTA, 2013 – 2022) for the same period. Positive anomalies (shown in green) reflect above-average biomass accumulation and/or early crop development, while negative anomalies (shown in red) reflect below-average biomass accumulation and/or late crop development.

Yield forecasts

Crop yield table - TR

Further information

JRC MARS (Monitoring Agricultural Resources) Bulletins


The latest information about global agricultural production hotspots for countries at risk of food insecurity is available on the JRC’s ASAP (Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production).



Publication date
2 October 2023
Joint Research Centre
JRC portfolios
Sustainable food systems

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