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Analysis of Future Automotive Fuels and Powertrains in the European Context - Archive 2011

EUCAR, CONCAWE and JRC (the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission) have updated their joint evaluation of the Well-to-Wheels energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for a wide range of potential future fuel and powertrain options, first published in December 2003.

The specific objectives of the study remained the same:

  • Establish, in a transparent and objective manner, a consensual well-to-wheels energy use and GHG emissions assessment of a wide range of automotive fuels and powertrains relevant to Europe in 2010 and beyond.
  • Consider the viability of each fuel pathway and estimate the associated macro-economic costs.
  • Have the outcome accepted as a reference by all relevant stakeholder


EU Renewable Energy Targets in 2020 - Analysis of Scenarios for Transport - JEC Biofuels Programme

Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Future Automotive Fuels and Power Trains in the European Context - Report, Version 3c


The archive contains the WTW Report v3c July 2011.

  • Well-to-Tank Report Version 3c
  • Tank-to-Wheels Report Version 3c
  • Well-to-Wheels Report Version 3c
  • Well-to-Tank Appendix 1 Version 3c – Description of individual processes and detailed input data
  • Well-to-Tank Appendix 2 Version 3c – Description and detailed energy and GHG balance of individual pathways
  • Well-to-Tank Appendix 3 Version 3c – Energy requirement and GHG emissions for marginal gasoline and diesel fuel production
  • Well-to-Tank Appendix 4 Version 3c – Step-by-step input data for individual pathways
  • Well-to-Tank Appendix 5 Version 3c – References
  • Tank-to-Wheels Appendix 1 Version 3c – Vehicle retail price estimation
  • Well-to-Wheels Appendix 1 Version 3c – Summary of WTW Energy and GHG balances
  • Well-to-Wheels Appendix 2 Version 3c – WTW GHG Emissions of Externally Chargeable Electric Vehicles