Skip to main content
EU Science Hub
News article21 November 2022Joint Research Centre1 min read

Exceptionally warm autumn raises concerns in the south of Europe

According to the November issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, the review period (1 October to 14 November 2022) was the warmest in its records (since 1991).

warm autumn
Unusually warm autumn weather benefited recently sown winter cereals in most parts of Europe.
© Adobe Stock_3335126829

Warm autumn mostly favourable for winter crops

In most regions, the exceptionally warm temperatures, combined with adequate topsoil moisture conditions, favoured emergence and early establishment of winter crops and allowed late-sown crops to catch up in development. Negative effects of the temperature surplus - such as lack of build-up of frost tolerance, increased pest and disease pressure, and shorter vernalisation - are not yet alarming.


Ares of concern - weather events

Dry weather in the south raises concerns

In large parts of southern Europe the warm anomalies are accompanied by a persistent deficit in precipitation. In southern Spain and in central and northern Italy, this is prolonging the summer drought and winter cereal sowings are delayed or occurring under unusual irrigation practices. In eastern Romania and Bulgaria, sowing was also delayed and low precipitation since September has led to poor emergence and underdeveloped stands. Drought conditions in the Maghreb region raise serious concerns for the coming sowing campaign. Other distinct rainfall deficits, so far without substantial impacts on winter cereals, are observed in southern France, north-eastern Germany, eastern Poland, Lithuania, Slovenia, Croatia, and western Türkiye.

Distinctly above-average rainfall in Ireland did not seriously hamper the sowing campaign.

areas of concern - winter crops

JRC MARS Bulletins Survey closing soon

The JRC MARS Bulletins Survey aims to collect information to better understand how you use the JRC MARS Bulletin. The higher the response, the better it will help us to improve our service in the future. Completion of the survey should take less than 10 minutes of your time. All information collected will be anonymous - no personal information is requested.

The survey will be available until the end of the year, at 2022 JRC MARS Bulletin  - Crop Monitoring  in Europe Survey

The results of the previous survey, conducted in 2018, can be found here:

Further information

JRC MARS (Monitoring Agricultural Resources) Bulletins


The latest information about global agricultural production hotspots for countries at risk of food insecurity is available on the JRC’s ASAP (Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production) site.


Publication date
21 November 2022
Joint Research Centre