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News article25 May 20211 min read

Cautiously positive yield outlook for winter crops in Europe


The May issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe - was published today, alongside the May edition of the Bulletin on Turkey, in the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series.

Yield forecasts for winter crops in EU revised slightly upwards

According to the crop monitoring Bulletin for Europe, the yield forecasts for EU winter crops have been revised slightly upwards, mainly because the improved outlook for France, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and several other southern-central European countries outweighed the slight downward revisions for Greece and several more northerly countries.

AOC    Crop yield table
AOC    Crop yield table
© EU 2021

Exceptionally low temperatures and rainfall anomalies had limited impact on annual crops

During the period of review, much of Europe was affected by severe cold spells. The most distinct events that occurred after the reporting period of the April Bulletin (20 April) mostly affected north-western, central, eastern and northern Europe. The main impact of the cold events on winter crops has been a delay in growth and phenological development, and some reversible damage to flowering rapeseed stands, with no major impacts on yield potential. In the case of spring cereals and summer crops, emergence and canopy development are delayed in the regions affected.

Rain deficits that occurred in several EU regions had little or no negative impact on yield potential, as soil water contents remained at adequate levels in most regions and evaporative demand was relatively low. Rain surpluses in other parts of Europe mostly benefited crops by restoring soil water levels.

Unfavourable spring delays crop growth in Turkey

In Turkey, the forecasts for winter cereal yields are above the 5-year average, but below last year’s yield (with the exception of barley). A significant downward revision in June is possible in the coming weeks, since the delayed season increases crop vulnerability to heat stress. Moreover, water reservoir reserves are low, which raises concerns for the summer season.

Further information

JRC MARS (Monitoring Agricultural Resources) Bulletins

The latest information about global agricultural production hotspots for countries with food insecurity risks is available on the JRC’s ASAP (Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production) site.

The June 2021 issue of the Bulletin will be published on 21 June.

Related Content

JRC MARS (Monitoring Agricultural Resources) Bulletins

ASAP (Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production)


Publication date
25 May 2021