To create efficient, affordable, and inclusive neighbourhoods, housing in cities will have to be rethought.
Housing becomes unaffordable in major cities. Changing acquisition and rental patterns as well as short supply of new homes hit low to moderate income households the hardest.
Population ageing will need adaptations. Especially in spatial infrastructure, cities need to be more accessible and inclusive to all ages.
This should include intergenerational living projects, mobility campaigns and better designs for all age groups.
Almost half of all buildings in Europe are over 70 years old. To increase sustainability and high quality of life, it is necessary to upgrade or retrofit buildings. Abandoned spaces have to be converted to useful purposes.