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The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens (DigComp) provides a common understanding of what digital competence is. It also provides a basis for framing digital skills policy.

Being digitally competent – a task for the 21st-century citizen

The DigComp 2.2 update available from March 22 2022 onward

The integrated DigComp 2.2 framework provides more than 250 new examples of knowledge, skills and attitudes that help citizens engage confidently, critically and safely with digital technologies, and new and emerging ones such as systems driven by artificial intelligence (AI). The framework is also made available following the digital accessibility guidelines, as creating accessible digital resources is an important priority today. The second part of the publication gives a snapshot of the existing reference material for DigComp consolidating previously released publications and references.The annexes include a specific appendix on Citizens interacting with AI systems and on Remote/Hybrid work.

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About DigComp

The European Digital Competence Framework, also known as DigComp, offers a tool to improve citizen's digital competence. Today, being digitally competent means that people need to have competences in all areas of DigComp.

The report called DigComp 2.0 presents the updated list of 21 competences (also called the conceptual reference model) whereas the eight proficiency levels and examples of use can be found in DigComp 2.1. Take a look at the new infographic explaining the 8 proficiency levels using a metaphor of "Learning to swim in the digital ocean".

What can DigComp do for citizens?

The Digital Competence Framework can help with self-evaluation, setting learning goals, identifying training opportunities and facilitating job search.

Self-evaluate the level of digital competence and facilitate the job search

The Europass CV includes an online tool for jobseekers to self-evaluate their digital competence and describe and include it in their Curriculum Vitale (CV). The tool uses the five areas of the DigComp framework with an easy to use self-evaluation form.

What can DigComp do for policymakers?

The Digital Competence Framework can help to monitor citizen's digital skills and to support curricula development.

For policymakers it can be beneficial to know where citizens stand for digital competence at the country level. The EU-wide Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) offers a Digital Skills Indicator that uses the DigComp framework.

The "digital skills" indicator is one part of the many indicators to measure Human Capital which is needed to take advantage of the possibilities offered by a digital society. The Digital Agenda Scoreboard offers an online tool to view the data in an interactive way (opens a new window, please allow time for the download).

The DigComp framework can be used to plan and design education and training offers. For example, the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports has adapted DigComp for Spanish teachers and it has been used as a strategic support document for further development of teacher professional development (Marco comun de Competencia Digital Docente 2.0). Other similar examples can be found under implementation.

Related Content


Why - what - for whom is DigComp 2.0

The 21 competences of DigComp 2.0 explained

Learning to swim in the Digital Ocean


DigComp into Action: Get inspired, make it happen. A user guide to the European Digital Competence Framework

DigComp at Work report and DigComp at Work Implementation Guide

Developing digital competence for employability: Engaging and supporting stakeholders with the use of DigComp