Climate projections generally reveal a north-south pattern across Europe for water availability. Overall, southern European countries, which already suffer most from water scarcity, are projected to face decreasing water availability, particularly Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Italy.
Mitigation alone is not enough to avoid the adverse effects of climate change on water stress, which means that adaptation strategies will be needed too.
Figure: Population in the EU and UK living in areas with water stress for different levels of global warming (static population, i.e. population of 2010).