This part of the study describes the final use of a fuel and the various powertrain options available.
The issues related to fuel production and provision, are covered in the Well-to-Tank report.
The Well-to-Wheels report provides the integrated view of the relative merits of the wide range of options studied.
The main issues addressed in this Tank-to-Wheels section are the fuel economy, the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and an evaluation of credible retail price for near and longer term technologies in Europe.
The ADVISOR model was used to simulate a virtual but credible and coherent, compact sized European sedan.
The input fuel and technology data were checked and agreed by the EUCAR members. This model vehicle is used as a tool for comparing the various fuels and associated technologies; it is not deemed representative of the European fleet.
This study makes no assumptions about the a tool for comparing the various fuels and associated technologies; it is not deemed representative of the European fleet.
This study makes no assumptions about the availability or market share of the technology options proposed for 2010 and beyond (2010+).
The file contains the JEC-WTW results VERSION 3, October 2008
It is constituted by the calculations of: GHG and energy balances for a new WTW Version 3
- Updated version of WTT Appendix 2 giving the updated energy and GHG balance of all pathways
- Updated WTT Appendix 4, consisting of 5 Excel workbooks detailing the input data for all pathways Updated TTW report and TTW App 1 with updates regarding Diesel technologies
It is worth highlighting that JEC input data are relevant to the European Commission's Calculations of GHG emissions from biofuels