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This research topic covers areas such as

  • socially marginalised groups and inter-generational poverty, differentiating rural from urban poverty (insecurity, specific living conditions, human rights and dignity)
  • impact of scarcity on individual capacity and behaviour
  • social protection systems and measures to prevent extreme poverty, including reducing exposure and vulnerability to shocks and disasters
  • improving the impact and effectiveness of EU development cooperation

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Activities on this topic


To provide a wider evidence base that can enhance EU policy aiming to achieve this goal, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has embarked on a multi-year cross-national research project to study different aspects of fairness.