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Environment, resource scarcity, climate change & sustainability

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Scientific tools

Energy efficiency in fisheries

With the rising cost of fuel, energy efficiency in fisheries has become a key issue for the sector's profitability, and the European Commission...

Global Human Settlement Layer Scientific Tool

The Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) project aims to produce and analyse global built-up surface, population density and human settlement thematic maps to understand human presence on Planet Earth.

Networks and bureaus

  • research body

European IPPC Bureau

The European IPPC Bureau was set up in 1997 to organise an information exchange between the European Commission, EU Member States, industry and environmental non-governmental organisations on Best Available Techniques (BAT) used to control industrial pollution.

  • research body

European Product Bureau

The consumption and production of products is responsible for a large number of environmental problems, ranging from pollution to air, water and soil to increased resource consumption and also negative health impacts.

Activities on this topic

Agricultural biodiversity

Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to...

Agricultural monitoring

Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating cropproduction and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy...

Air quality and greenhouse gases

The JRC provides essential support to policy for improving air quality, including initiatives to harmonise air quality monitoring processes and to...

Best environmental management practice

The JRC establishes best environmental management practices (BEMPs) of organisations in order to produce Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs) which are...

Climate change

JRC research in this area supports the EU’s aim of addressing, mitigating, monitoring and adapting to the effects of climate change. This includes...

Climate change mitigation

The JRC is committed to supporting the EU in limiting global climate change. For example, it provides expertise in modelling and evaluation of...

Coastal and marine environment

The JRC provides support to the implementation of the EU’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive using modelling simulations, remote sensing data...

Crop yield forecasting

The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research.

Digital Earth

Digital Earth is a concept of an interactive digital replica of the entire planet that can facilitate a shared understanding of the multiple...

Earth observation products

The JRC carries out research to foster the development of internationally accepted harmonised methods and standards for remote sensing.

Energy technology & innovation

The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well...

Farming in the EU

The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.

Fisheries and Aquaculture

Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also...

Food contact materials

Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials...

Global food security

The JRC's research addresses the global food security issue, with the demand for food likely to grow by 70% until 2050.

Green and circular economy

JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a more circular EU economy is necessarily based on a lifecycle approach, so that all relevant...

Hydrogen and fuel cells

Hydrogen is the simplest and lightest gas in the universe. It is not a primary energy source, such as coal or gas, but it is an energy carrier...

Less waste, more value

JRC research focuses on assessing how a Circular Economy, with less waste, more recycling and hence reduced needs for primary raw materials, can help secure a future resource-efficient low-carbon economy.

Raw materials

Raw materials are essential to our everyday lives. Millions of European jobs rely on the availability of raw materials. They feed the industrial...


The JRC supports a range of EU policy areas related to soil, including assessment of soil resources, agriculture and food security and addressing soil...

Soil protection

The JRC supports the European Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, addressing areas such as erosion, contamination, compaction, landslides andloss...

Sustainability of climate policies

The JRC evaluates the effectiveness of climate policies, focusing on cost-analysis and environmental impact. It also specifically addresses the...

Sustainable Finance

The European Union is fully committed to transform its economy and society and put it on a more sustainable path.

Sustainable production and consumption

The JRC supports the EU’s sustainable development work through research such as helping to improve the environmental impact of industry and organisations.


The JRC supports numerous pieces of European legislation regarding water. This includes research on water quality and quantity, contamination...

Water biodiversity

The JRC provides scientific support to the implementation of European policies that aim to ensure the preservation of freshwater ecosystems through...

Water governance

With its expertise and broad scientific networks, the JRC supports sustainable management of water resources, from the Danube region and the...