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Sustainable production and consumption and the circular economy

This research topic covers areas such as

  • Sustainable agriculture
    • sustainable intensification
    • precision farming
    • climate smart farming
    • other alternative production methods
  • Sustainable aquaculture
  • Sustainable industry (including energy-intensive industries, mining, construction, and green chemistry)
    • best available techniques, emerging techniques
    • alternative production technologies & their safety and life-cycle analysis
  • Sustainable consumption
    • market-based and voluntary instruments promoting the consumption of better environmental performing products
    • impact of consumption on the environment
  • Circular economy
    • eco-innovation
    • product design
    • business models
    • consumption patterns
    • markets for secondary raw materials
    • role of innovation, industry and new technologies in sustainable solutions
  • Paradigm of economic growth and sustainability including alternative models

Related news

  • News announcement

5 digital solutions for a greener Europe

The science is clear: we must act now to avoid the worst impacts of climate change and biodiversity collapse. EU science and digital solutions can help to make the big changes.

Networks and bureaus

  • research body

European IPPC Bureau

The European IPPC Bureau was set up in 1997 to organise an information exchange between the European Commission, EU Member States, industry and environmental non-governmental organisations on Best Available Techniques (BAT) used to control industrial pollution.

  • research body

European Product Bureau

The consumption and production of products is responsible for a large number of environmental problems, ranging from pollution to air, water and soil to increased resource consumption and also negative health impacts.

Activities on this topic

Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to...

The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well...

The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.

JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a more circular EU economy is necessarily based on a lifecycle approach, so that all relevant...

JRC research focuses on assessing how a Circular Economy, with less waste, more recycling and hence reduced needs for primary raw materials, can help secure a future resource-efficient low-carbon economy.