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Sustainable production and consumption and the circular economy

This research topic covers areas such as

  • Sustainable agriculture
    • sustainable intensification
    • precision farming
    • climate smart farming
    • other alternative production methods
  • Sustainable aquaculture
  • Sustainable industry (including energy-intensive industries, mining, construction, and green chemistry)
    • best available techniques, emerging techniques
    • alternative production technologies & their safety and life-cycle analysis
  • Sustainable consumption
    • market-based and voluntary instruments promoting the consumption of better environmental performing products
    • impact of consumption on the environment
  • Circular economy
    • eco-innovation
    • product design
    • business models
    • consumption patterns
    • markets for secondary raw materials
    • role of innovation, industry and new technologies in sustainable solutions
  • Paradigm of economic growth and sustainability including alternative models

Related news

News article |

Healthy soils, a necessity for the EU

Maintaining and restoring our soils is key to achieve climate neutrality, zero pollution, sustainable food provision and a resilient environment.

News article |

Agri-food Survey

In the context of the European Green Deal and the Farm to Fork Strategy, the JRC is launching the IN-PACT questionnaire to assess to what extent...

Related events

Networks and bureaus

research body

European IPPC Bureau

The European IPPC Bureau was set up in 1997 to organise an information exchange between the European Commission, EU Member States, industry and environmental non-governmental organisations on Best Available Techniques (BAT) used to control industrial pollution.

research body

European Product Bureau

The consumption and production of products is responsible for a large number of environmental problems, ranging from pollution to air, water and soil to increased resource consumption and also negative health impacts.

Activities on this topic

Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to...

The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well...

The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.

JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a more circular EU economy is necessarily based on a lifecycle approach, so that all relevant...

Sustainability science is a solution-oriented discipline that studies the complex relationship between nature and humankind, conciliating the mutually...

The JRC supports the EU’s initiative to reduce waste and preserve limited resources by for example, assessing waste streams with a potential for being...