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This research topic covers areas such as

  • scientific and technical inputs to CAP development: towards a land management approach
  • crop yield forecasts in EU and Neighbourhood countries
  • resource scarcity (land/soil, minerals, water, food, energy, forests, biomass, biodiversity) and economic competition
  • economy of natural resources including bioeconomy and critical raw materials
  • raw materials – stocks and flows
  • alternatives for scarce resources including new sources (e.g. from space)
  • resource conflicts (i.e. water, minerals, agriculture)
  • global resource use
  • sustainable management of renewable resources (including sustainable forest management, fisheries, soils, water, forests, and biodiversity)
  • global land use and vegetation
  • ecosystems and their services and natural capital accounting
  • oceans as a resource for energy, food production and minerals
  • mega cities and urbanisation including impact of urban sprawl on resources
  • role of education and social aspects

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Scientific tools

Energy efficiency in fisheries

With the rising cost of fuel, energy efficiency in fisheries has become a key issue for the sector's profitability, and the European Commission...

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Activities on this topic

Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to...

The JRC establishes best environmental management practices (BEMPs) of organisations in order to produce Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs) which are...

The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research.

Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also...

Hydrogen is the simplest and lightest gas in the universe. It is not a primary energy source, such as coal or gas, but it is an energy carrier...

The JRC helps to strengthen the EU capabilities in maritime surveillance, by contributing to the development of the European Border Surveillance...

Raw materials are essential to our everyday lives. Millions of European jobs rely on the availability of raw materials. They feed the industrial...

The JRC supports a range of EU policy areas related to soil, including assessment of soil resources, agriculture and food security and addressing soil...

The JRC supports the European Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, addressing areas such as erosion, contamination, compaction, landslides andloss...

The JRC supports numerous pieces of European legislation regarding water. This includes research on water quality and quantity, contamination...

The JRC provides scientific support to the implementation of European policies that aim to ensure the preservation of freshwater ecosystems through...

With its expertise and broad scientific networks, the JRC supports sustainable management of water resources, from the Danube region and the...