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Energy efficiency

This research topic covers areas such as

  • supply and demand side of transport, energy, buildings (both embedded and operational energy), industry and products, including role of taxation, regulation and standards as a driver
  • harmonisation of new energy saving technologies and devices, including labelling and phase-out schemes
  • demand response, including opportunities for prosumers (DSO clients which produce and consume energy)

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Scientific tools

Energy efficiency in fisheries

With the rising cost of fuel, energy efficiency in fisheries has become a key issue for the sector's profitability, and the European Commission...

Activities on this topic

Energy efficiency

Energy efficiency research at the JRC focuses on technology deployment and market uptake, and encompasses a broad range of activities which includes...

Energy sector economic analysis

The JRC's research in the area of Energy sector economic analysis supports the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy, and includes impact analysis...

Energy technology & innovation

The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well...

Green and circular economy

JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a more circular EU economy is necessarily based on a lifecycle approach, so that all relevant...


Photovoltaic (PV) electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to...

Sustainable transport and fuels

The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical...