Skip to main content
EU Science Hub
Publikationer av allmän karaktär, Studie, Rapport

Regulation, red tape and location choices of top R&D investors - IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation no. 01/2016

This paper investigates how product and labour market regulations and red tape affect the way in which top corporate research and development (R&D) investors worldwide organise their cross-border operations. The decision about where a company locates...

Översikt

Beteckning
JRC nr: JRC100807
Publiceringsdatum
22 april 2016

Beskrivning

This paper investigates how product and labour market regulations and red tape affect the way in which top corporate research and development (R&D) investors worldwide organise their cross-border operations. The decision about where a company locates its international subsidiaries is modelled using location-specific framework conditions, socio-economic factors and other controls commonly used in the economic geography literature. The location decision drivers are estimated using a multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression, controlling for both fixed and random effects. Our results confirm that both product market regulation (PMR) and employment protection legislation (EPL) significantly affect the location decisions of top R&D investors, as well as red tape and profit tax. The marginal effect of PMR is by far the largest, followed by EPL; the cost of starting a business and profit tax show lower marginal effects. Moreover, we found that (i) PMR and EPL are complementary (i.e. reducing one would also reduce the negative impact of the other) and (ii) of the three components of the PMR indicator —barriers to trade and investment, state control and barriers to entrepreneurship—the latter is the one with the lowest marginal effect. Policy implications are drawn accordingly.

Authors:

CIRIACI Daria, GRASSANO Nicola, VEZZANI Antonio

Filer

JRC100807.pdf
English
(1.31 MB - PDF)
Ladda ner