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Migration and public finances in the EU

Details

Identification
JRC129747
Publication date
10 June 2022
Author
Joint Research Centre

Description

We provide novel and comprehensive evidence on the net fiscal contributions of natives and migrants to the governmental budgets of EU countries. We account for income taxes and cash benefits, along with indirect taxes and in-kind benefits, which are often missing in standard datasets. We find that on average, migrants were net contributors to public finances over the period of 2014–2018 in the EU and, moreover, that they contribute approximately e1.5 thousand more per capita each year than natives. We also show that this difference is partly due to selection on characteristics that make migrants net fiscal contributors, such as demographic factors and employment probability.

Authors

FIORIO Carlo, FRATTINI Tommaso, RIGANTI Andrea, CHRISTL Michael

Files

JRC129747_Migration and public finances in the EU
English
(2.42 MB - PDF)
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