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Measuring the Occupational Impact of AI: Tasks, Cognitive Abilities and AI Benchmarks

Details

Identification
JRC nr: JRC119845
Publication date
27 April 2020

Description

In this paper we develop a framework for analysing the impact of AI on occupations. Leaving aside the debates on robotisation, digitalisation and online platforms as well as workplace automation, we focus on the occupational impact of AI that is driven by rapid progress in machine learning. In our framework we map 59 generic tasks from several worker surveys and databases to 14 cognitive abilities (that we extract from the cognitive science literature) and these to a comprehensive list of 328 AI benchmarks used to evaluate progress in AI techniques. The use of these cognitive abilities as an intermediate mapping, instead of mapping task characteristics to AI tasks, allows for an analysis of AI's occupational impact that goes beyond automation. An application of our framework to occupational
databases gives insights into the abilities through which AI is most likely to affect jobs and allows for a ranking of occupation with respect to AI impact. Moreover, we find that some jobs that were traditionally less affected by previous waves of automation may now be subject to relatively higher AI impact.

Authors:

TOLAN Songul, PESOLE Annarosa, MARTINEZ-PLUMED Fernando, FERNANDEZ MACIAS Enrique, HERNANDEZ-ORALLO Jose, GOMEZ GUTIERREZ Emilia

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