- JRC nr: JRC90991
- 21 oktoober 2014
Many European policy initiatives continue to promote R&D collaboration in view of its expected benefits. Despite the advantages of R&D cooperation, to benefit from it, firms must create a structure to support the efficient transfer of knowledge-based assets. In fact, the setup and administration of common resources might be costly. This paper derives the distribution of the costs associated with R&D collaboration, as they could shape firms’ R&D- related investments. To ascertain these costs, we model the expected benefits from R&D cooperation with a structural dynamic monopoly model. The modelling results show that the sunk costs of innovation are lower when collaborating with a research partner, and that a firm's probability of investing in R&D or innovation increases with the level of productivity, only when collaborating in R&D and innovation. We also find that the sunk costs of innovation are 1.5 to 3 times lower than the sunk costs of R&D. Additionally, it can be seen that the suggested structural framework of a firm’s heterogeneity in cost functions used in our model can offer a straightforward extension to existing policy impact evaluation.