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COVID-19 and (gender) inequality in income: the impact of discretionary policy measures in Austria


JRC nr: JRC125105
Publication date
23 July 2021


This paper analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on household income in Austria, using detailed administrative labor market data, in combination with micro-simulation techniques, that enable specific labor market transitions to be modeled. We find that discretionary fiscal policy measures in Austria are key to counteracting the inequality-and poverty-enhancing effect of COVID-19. Additionally, we find that females tend to experience a greater loss in terms of market income. The Austrian tax-benefit system, however, reduces this gender differences. Disposable income has dropped by around 1% for both males and females. By comparison, males profit mainly from short-time work scheme, while females profit especially from other discretionary policy measures, such as the one-off payment for children.


CHRISTL Michael, DE POLI Silvia, KUCSERA Dénes, LORENZ Hanno


(1.46 MB - PDF)