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Human mortality from extreme heat and cold

© Melinda Nagy

Summary of Key Findings

Heatwaves are expected to become more frequent and intense with climate change. Without climate mitigation and adaptation, the death-toll from extreme heat in the EU could be more than 30 times more than at present by the end of this century.

With 3°C global warming in 2100, 90,000 Europeans could die from extreme heat annually. With 1.5°C global warming this is reduced to 30,000 deaths annually.


Figure: Human exposure to, and fatalities from, heatwaves in Europe for three global warming scenarios by 2100, without climate mitigation and adaptation.

Summary Card

Peseta IV Human mortality from extreme heat and cold Summary Card cover page

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Sector report


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Final report


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