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Earth observation

Observing the Earth for policy.

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Scientific tools

Global Human Settlement Layer Scientific Tool

The Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) project aims to produce and analyse global built-up surface, population density and human settlement thematic maps to understand human presence on Planet Earth.

Activities on this topic

Agricultural biodiversity

Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to...

Agricultural monitoring

Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating cropproduction and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy...

Drought Monitoring

Work on drought an desertification results in monitoring and forecast systems in Europe, Africa and South America, JRC also leads the way for new systems in Europe.

Earth observation products

The JRC carries out research to foster the development of internationally accepted harmonised methods and standards for remote sensing.

Farming in the EU

The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.

Global food security

The JRC's research addresses the global food security issue, with the demand for food likely to grow by 70% until 2050.