Two editions of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today, on Russia and Kazakhstan.
The bulletin on Russia reports that a difficult start to the season (due to dry and warm autumn conditions) was followed by cold spells during the winter. Abundant and frequent rainfall in combination with near seasonal temperatures during spring helped maintain a fair yield outlook for winter crops in most of European Russia, except for the Volga okrug, where a soil moisture deficit prevailed. Compared with the previous season, a significant share of the winter wheat that suffered from bad germination and frost kill was replaced by spring and summer crops. Spring crop sowings were delayed in European Russia due to overly wet soils, but progressed rapidly in Asian Russia thanks to generally dry and mild conditions.
The bulletin on Kazakhstan reports that favourable weather conditions helped spring sowing to be completed on time, and emergence has been satisfactory despite reduced water supply. Yield forecasts are close to the historical trend for spring cereals but more rainfall is needed to sustain this fair outlook.The main winter wheat producing areas presented soil moisture deficits during most of the growing period, and hot temperatures during the critical stage of grain filling negatively affected yield formation; therefore our forecasts are below the 5-year average.
The latest information about global agricultural production hotspots for countries with food insecurity risks is available on the JRC’s ASAP (Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production)site.
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- Publication date
- 28 June 2021