According to the August issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, the yield forecasts for almost all summer crops in the EU were revised downwards from the July forecast, but remain above or near the 5-year average.
Compared to the figures reported in July, the main downward revisions occurred for summer crops in France, Romania, Bulgaria, Germany, the Benelux countries and Poland.
By contrast, the yield forecast for soybeans was revised upwards, as very favourable conditions prevailed in northern Italy and Hungary.
The combination of hot weather and rain deficit led to lower yield forecasts
Large parts of western and northern central Europe have been affected by a rain deficit since the beginning of July.
Temperatures increased in these regions at the end of July, and a heatwave of seven to ten consecutive days occurred in the first half of August.
The combination of limited water supply and high temperatures negatively affected summer crops, with expected reductions in yields.
In southern Ukraine and eastern parts of Romania and Bulgaria, the return of drought conditions negatively impacted summer crops, leading to the early senescence of maize and sunflower crops.
Good prospects for summer crops in most of central Europe
In contrast, summer crops benefited from a surplus of precipitation in many other parts of central Europe, eastern Italy, and western Romania.
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- MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe
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- 24 August 2020