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Article d’actualité24 janvier 2022

Winter crops in fair to good condition, but frost tolerance remains weakly developed

Winter crops in fair to good condition, but frost tolerance remains weakly developed
© Janis Smits -

According to the January 2022 issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, winter crops in most parts of Europe benefited from slightly warmer-than-usual temperatures and seasonal to above-seasonal precipitation during the review period (1 December to 15 January).

These conditions allowed stands that were lagging behind in development to partially catch up, and currently, winter crops are generally in fair to good (or very good) condition.

According to our crop model simulations, frost damage to winter cereals has not occurred so far.

Frost tolerance concerns, particularly in the Black Sea region

However, with the exception of northern and central-eastern parts of Europe (where winter crops are almost or fully hardened), the build-up of frost tolerance remains weak due to the mild weather conditions.

The weak hardening of the winter crops in areas around the Black Sea is of particular concern. Precipitation was above average in this region, but mostly in the form of rain, or of snow that has melted since then; thus the snow cover is very limited, and a cold snap would lead to frost damage, especially in late-sown fields.

Drought negatively affects crops in northern Africa

A marked rain deficit extending along the Mediterranean from southern Spain to northern Italy has had no significant negative impact on winter crops so far.

In northern Africa, persisting drought conditions in Morocco negatively impacted the growth and development of winter crops, and rain is urgently needed to sustain adequate crop growth in western and central Algeria.


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2022 JRC MARS Bulletin calendar

In 2022, the JRC MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe will be published on: 24 January, 21 February, 21 March, 26 April, 23 May, 20 June, 25 July, 22 August, 19 September, 24 October, 21 November, 19 December.

The JRC MARS Bulletins in the Global outlook series are scheduled for 21 February (North Africa), 23 May (Turkey), 20 June (Ukraine, N. Africa) 27 June (Russia, Kazakhstan), 19 September (Ukraine, Turkey) and 26 September (Russia, Kazakhstan).

Further information

JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, January 2022


The latest information about global agricultural production hotspots for countries with food insecurity risks is available on the JRC’s ASAP (Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production) site.

Related Content

JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, January 2022 Vol. 30 No 1


Date de publication
24 janvier 2022