Skip to main content
EU Science Hub
Anúncio de notícias23 de maio de 2019

China - Challenges and Prospects of an Aspiring Industrial and Innovation Leader

The EU is seeing rapidly increasing competition from China for industrial and technological leadership, according to a new JRC report.

Image - Report: China – Challenges and Prospects of an Industrial and Innovation Powerhouse

The EU is seeing rapidly increasing competition from China for industrial and technological leadership, according to a new report by the Commission's Joint Research Centre.

Today, the Joint Research Centre publishes a new report, which analyses China's approach to attain a leadership position in international markets through a combination of industrial, research and innovation (R&I), trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) policies. It offers an evidence-based assessment of China's current position compared to the EU and US innovation systems across a range of dimensions.

The report shows that China is becoming – or already is – a major industrial competitor in rapidly expanding high-tech sectors, and may well attain innovation leadership in the following areas:

1. Next-generation IT;

2. High-end numerical control machinery and robotics;

3. Aerospace and aviation equipment;

4. Maritime engineering equipment and high-tech maritime vessel manufacturing;

5. Advanced rail equipment;

6. Energy-saving vehicles and new energy vehicles;

7. Electrical equipment;

8. Agricultural machinery and equipment;

9. New materials;

10. Biopharmaceutical and high-performance medical devices.

In response, the authors emphasise the need for the EU to boost its industrial and R&I performance and – given the complexity of the EU-China relationship – develop policies that can ensure a level playing field for EU companies in China.

This is also reflected in the EU-China Strategic Outlook, which sets out concrete actions to seek a more balanced and reciprocal relationship given China's growing power and influence. These actions also relate to the EU's global competitiveness and security.

Related Content

Key findings: China – Challenges and Prospects of an Industrial and Innovation Powerhouse

Report: China – Challenges and Prospects of an Industrial and Innovation Powerhouse

EU-China Strategic Outlook: Commission and HR/VP contribution to the European Council (21-22 March 2019)

China Country Analysis - information on R&I policies and performances for China.

EU-China Relations factsheet

EU Industrial Policy

Staff Working Document: Following up on the Commission Communication "Welcoming Foreign Direct Investment while Protecting Essential Interests" of 13 September 2017. Commission Staff Working Document. SWD(2019) 108 final. (PDF), European Commission (EC) (2019)

Informação detalhada

Data de publicação
23 de maio de 2019