- gender equality | redistribution of income | occupational status | labour market | political ideology | new technology
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The DIGCLASS seminar series is expected to facilitate the exchange of cutting-edge ideas and debates related to social inequality, labour economics and political economy between JRC researchers and beyond by attracting external scholars, policy-makers and a general audience.
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Gender, Occupational Risk, and Redistribution Support
What is the relationship between female gender, occupational risk, and social-policy preferences in wealthy economies? How does automation risk potentially differ from other forms of occupational risks? We present a theoretical framework and motivating results that outline how female gender affects each link in the causal “chain” from initial occupation selection, occupational movement, risk formation, and ultimate policy preferences. We theorize that female gender can matter at each link, and the cross-cutting broader risks that women face in society can account for weaker correlations between commonly used measures of occupational risk and support for greater redistribution. We provide evidence that automation-risk correlates less with support for redistribution among women within Europe. We then build on these findings and propose tests of each part of the framework, which we will conduct with new country-level survey evidence.
Alexander Kuo is an Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and International Relations (DPIR) and Tutorial Fellow in Politics at Christ Church, University of Oxford. He was previously an assistant professor in the department of government at Cornell University and a post-doctoral research fellow at the Juan March Foundation. He received his PhD in political science from Stanford University. His interests are in the fields of comparative political economy. His current research on the role of automation in politics is supported by the EU-NORFACE partnership.
*Joint work with Jane Gingrich (DPIR, University of Oxford).