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Education and training are fundamental to boosting the uptake of alternative methods and the application of the Three Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement of animal use) in science.

In 2016, EURL ECVAM conducted a study to gain an overview of existing Three Rs knowledge, identifying the sources and how they are used and shared. It emerged that, although Three Rs courses and resources are abundant, there is a need to further complement and amplify current education and training opportunities, especially at secondary school level but also at the level of higher education.

Therefore, EURL ECVAM has been engaged in several education and training activities aiming at increasing the awareness of the Three Rs and alternative methods and approaches at the levels of secondary school, university and early professional training.

Educational resources

We have produced a set of teaching resources on various Three Rs related subjects. These resources are freely available: