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When EU citizens move towards western Europe in search of higher wages or better employment opportunities, it exacerbates population ageing and population loss in the EU countries they leave behind.

  • In 2015, 54% of the EU's 508 million lived in western EU countries. With continued intra-EU mobility and immigration from third countries, this proportion will increase to almost 60% in 2060.
  • As much as 4.1% of the population in Bulgaria and Romania moved to the EU15 between 2007 and 2009. If current trends continue, Romania could see a 30% loss in population size by 2060
  • Policies targeting economic inequality between EU countries that lead to greater cohesion and integration can help the countries that are facing population decline, a loss of working-age population and population ageing.
infographic: Movement of workers towards wealthier EU countries speeds up aging and population decline in other EU countries.
Movement of workers towards wealthier EU countries speeds up aging and population decline in other EU countries.

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Demographic Scenarios for the EU - Migration, Population and Education

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Report: Demographic Scenarios for the EU - Migration, Population and Education

Facts4EUFuture - a series of reports for the future of Europe