Before the start of the coronavirus pandemic, slightly more than half of EU citizens considered their lives to be fair.
Three out of five Europeans agreed that they enjoyed equal opportunities in life.
Perceptions of fairness also differ markedly across countries and socio-demographic groups.
How people feel about fairness matters. It might influence their decisions and their happiness.
The fairness report addresses some of the most pertinent fairness dimensions in relation to a fair, inclusive and social European Union.
- Northern Europeans mostly perceive their life as fair.
- A slight decline in EU-wide income inequality masks an increase in Southern Europe.
- Where you stand on the social ladder still strongly depends on your family history.
- Digitalisation and changing work relations require appropriate social protection and taxation systems.
Download the report
The report offers:
- a snapshot of the state of fairness in Europe before the COVID-19 outbreak.
- a benchmark against which some of the consequences of the current crisis can be evaluated.
The fairness report and COVID-19 pandemic
The present report, “Beyond averages – Fairness in an economy that works for people”, was written before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic is still unfolding and many uncertainties remain. A growing number of evidence suggests that the health and economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are being borne disproportionally by less well-off people.
The pandemic reinforces the need to address the challenges underlying widening socio-economic inequalities.
- An economy that works for people
- Research project on fairness
- Supplementary material (data and figures)
- Facts4EUFuture - a series of reports for the future of Europe
"Working for social fairness and prosperity" is a political priority of the European Commission (Priorities 2019-2024: An economy that works for people).
Mail to EC-Fairness-CoP@ec.europa.eu